Document Type : Original Article

Author

Department of Wildlife and Ecotourism Management, Osun State University, ‎P.M.B. 4494, Osogbo, Osun state, Nigeria.

10.22034/srls.2021.525900.1014

Abstract

This study focused on the major threats to the natural environment and wildlife ‎conservation in Oba Hill National Park (OHNP), Osun State, Nigeria. It investigated ‎the management measures such as anthropogenic and land use activities for the ‎protection of wildlife resources in OHNP. The study was conducted by means of ‎surveying and monitoring the buffer zone area of OHNP between October 2015 and ‎April 2016. Data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire administered ‎in five (5) purposively chosen sites for sampling based on their proximity to the park. A ‎total of 100 respondents were selected randomly from the surrounding villages at 20 ‎respondents per site. It was observed that majority of respondents were males (65%), ‎married (67%), were Islamic (50%), were hunters (25%), within ages 41-50 years ‎‎(38%) and had primary/secondary school education (68%). Majority took hunting as a ‎secondary activity (65%), used short guns (47%) and hunted Bushbuck (30%) via ‎individual hunting (58%). On farming activities, majority of the respondents practiced ‎subsistence farming (55%), using manual land preparation methods (75%) and ‎responded that farming did not have any effect on wildlife resources (65%). Majority of ‎respondents indicated that bushfire was caused by deliberate (67.4%) anthropogenic ‎activities (75%), such as vegetation clearing (65%) as deliberate source and dropping ‎of cigarette butts (72.7%) as accidental source of bushfire.

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